In the world, 80% of average people have refractive error. Refractive surgery has been applied since 1980 and the laser method is the method that gives the most reliable results in the treatment of refractive errors. With the developing technology, refractive errors such as myopia (difficulty in far vision), hyperopia (difficulty in near vision), astigmatism (blurring of the image) can be treated with laser. The aim of laser treatment is to increase the quality of life of people and to have a more comfortable life.
Today, the most widely used treatment method in the world for the treatment of refractive errors is the iLasik (Laser Assisted insitu Keratomilluesis) method. This method is specific to the person and is performed in accordance with the eye structure of the patient as a result of detailed examinations and examinations.
iLASIK is also called Femto-Wavefront-LASIK! Wavefront refers to the controlled combination of LASIK and Femto-LASIK.
The Aberrometer is a medical device known as Wavefront analysis. It serves the purpose of precisely determining the objective and quantitative deviations of the human eye. The discipline of work of the aberrometer is as follows: first, light is sent to the eye. After that, it is collected precisely in the retina.
The wave façade measures the light reflected from more than 200 points in the eye. For this, it uses small optical sensors. The light’s runtime error is recorded. After that, it is entered into the wavefront map. In cases where there are no defects in the eye, the light is reflected in the same way as the Wavefront, but in cases where there is a defect in the eye, the reflected light produces an irregular wave front. These irregularities can be caused by a refractive power error and other effects that interfere with the picture quality, called high-grade deviations.
Femto LASIK works under computer control. The non-contact femtosecond laser has traditionally replaced LASIK’s hand-held mechanical Microkeratome. Femtosecond laser corrects high corneal curvatures (astigmatism Keratotomy) by implantation of intracorneal ring segments and corneal transplantation. Femtosecond laser guarantees improved wound healing. Laser cutting causes almost no deviation. That’s why Femto LASIK gives better results. Prevents complications related to regulation. Therefore, it increases the safety of the operation.
The excimer laser system combines with fully automatic iris recognition, variable point scanning and variable laser pulse rate. In this way provides individual treatment. The excimer laser was developed in the late 1970s. It produces radiation in the ultraviolet wavelength range. The light pulses are transmitted in a high-voltage discharge of 25,000 volts in an energetically stimulated state. It occurs in a high-pressure gas mixture. Special computer-controlled optics generate laser pulses. They are distributed on the cornea. In this way, problems such as myopia and farsightedness, corneal curvature are eliminated and the desired modeling is achieved.
As a result of the preliminary examinations and examinations, I-Lasik laser treatment can be applied to the people whose eye structure is found suitable for surgery by the physician.
Before the treatment, the general health status of the patient is checked by the ophthalmologist. Before the operation, a special examination is performed on the patient to determine whether the patient is suitable for the operation.
The patient is informed about the operation process and possible risks and the operation is decided by obtaining the approval of the patient.On the day of surgery, the patient should not apply any makeup around the eyes.
On the day of surgery, the ophthalmologist decides whether to use blood thinners or to what extent. Patients who wear contact lenses should stop using contact lenses a few days in advance.If there are other issues that the patient should pay attention to before surgery, these issues will be reported to the patient by the ophthalmologist.
Following the surgery, your first control will be done and protection glasses will be placed on your eye. You can use eye drops by removing the glasses and sleep with these glasses at night. But you should try not to lie face down.In the first 5 hours after the operation, watering, sensitivity and foreign body sensation are seen in the eyes.
On the same day it is recommended not to touch your eyes and rest. You can close your eyes and relax in a dim environment. If your burning sensation is high, you can use painkiller tablets. You can wipe the water flowing from your eyes from your cheeks without touching the eyelids. Tear discharge can also cause tears from the nose and runny nose and is expected after surgery.
If the use of medication is recommended, you should come to the control examination one day after using them.On the first day, I recommend my patients to use antibiotic, steroid and artificial teardrop drops every hour from the time they go home to sleep. At least 5 minutes should be left between each drop for the drops to reach the full level of effect. It is enough to bring a single drop to the eye.Before going to bed, it is recommended that you use the sleep-inducing pill given to you.
On the morning of the operation, remove the protective glasses, drip your eye drops, and come to the control at the time you are told, without washing your face. Especially after operations such as ilasik, blood can be seen in the white part of the eye. No additional treatment is required for these blood stains, which will decrease spontaneously within weeks.
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You can return to your country after the iLasik operation. But it would be better to stay here for a day for the risk of developing a complication. After a day, if everything is in order, you can return to your country.
You need to be here on the day of the operation. You do not need to arrive a few days before the operation. But if you have planned a tour here, you can arrive earlier.
Those who are suitable for this operation are those who are older than 18 years. In addition, you must have stable vision for the year preceding surgery and have been wearing appropriate and stable glasses/contact lenses for at least two years. The procedure is not suitable for those who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
The most common complications seen in this operation are generally as follows: Dry eyes, glare, halos and double vision, under corrections, overcorrections, and astigmatism. However, the probability of developing these complications in the operations to be performed by an experienced doctor in the field is quite low.
Patients with autoimmune diseases are not suitable candidates for this operation. Because these people are more prone to dry eye syndrome. Dry eye may not heal well. In addition, the risk of postoperative infection is higher. People with other diseases such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, glaucoma or cataracts are also not suitable for this operation.
After this operation, patients notice an instant improvement in their vision. But sometimes this improvement continues until the next day. It takes about three to six months for the eye to fully heal.
Before this procedure, your doctor will apply numbing eye drops to your eyes. Therefore, you will not feel pain during the operation.
Most patients see clearly within 24 hours of vision correction surgery. However, sometimes recovery takes two to five days. They may experience blurred vision in their vision for several weeks after the operation.
Yes. If you wish, you can wear contact lenses after this operation. However, we recommend that you get detailed information and advice from your doctor in this regard.
This is a permanent treatment. However, we recommend that you have your doctor’s examination at certain periods.
After this operation, you should wait at least 24 hours to wash your face. In addition, you should avoid taking soap and water to your eyes for at least a few days.
This operation does not harm the eye. However, even if it is low-risk, sometimes patients may have permanent dry eye problems. This risk is very small in the operations to be performed by an experienced physician in the field.