Weight loss surgery is surgery performed to change the function and shape of the patient’s digestive system. In this way, the patient can lose weight but more importantly treat obesity-related conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, obstructive sleep apnea or acid reflux. It also helps reduce risk factors such as heart disease, stroke and cancer. Weight loss surgeries are performed in several different types.
These surgeries usually take three hours. This period may vary depending on some reasons. All slimming operations are performed in different procedures and under different conditions. For this reason, slimming surgeries are separated from each other. Some weight loss operations are suitable for obese people, while others are only suitable for overweight people who are not obese. Read on for more information.
Weight loss surgeries are commonly performed in three ways in Turkey. These are; gastric sleeve, gastric balloon and gastric bypass operations.
Gastric sleeve is a weight loss surgery. Sleeve gastrectomy is usually performed by laparoscopic method or as a closed surgery as it is commonly known in the community. In this surgery, approximately 80% of the stomach is removed by inserting various instruments through a few small holes drilled into the abdomen. With sleeve gastrectomy, the size of the stomach is reduced. This limits the amount of food that can be consumed. In addition, with the decrease in stomach size, hormonal changes occur that help to lose weight. These changes contribute to the patient falling to the ideal weight or staying at the ideal weight after surgery.
The endoscopic intragastric balloon or stomach balloon for short is a valid method applied all over the world. It is also applied as a non-surgical obesity treatment. This process gives the patient a feeling of satiety with the help of a balloon that takes up space in the stomach. The idea of controlling obesity was first developed in 1982. It is applied only for the elimination of weight that cannot be eliminated by diet and exercise and is not on the border of surgery. Thanks to this procedure, uncomplicated bariatric cases can be cured.
In gastric bypass surgeries, a large part of the stomach is bypassed and a small volume (about 30-50 cc) stomach section is prepared and sutured to the small intestine. In this surgery, as in other bariatric surgery surgeries, it is aimed to reduce the stomach volume and to disable a part of the intestines and to discard some of the consumed food without being absorbed. Thus, patients are both saturated with less food and some of the food they receive is absorbed.
If it can be done before surgery, a diet should be made and some weight should be lost. This procedure both reduces the risks associated with surgery and can facilitate the surgical procedure when it reduces liver size. For surgery preparation, all routine surgical tests are performed. Respiratory functions are evaluated. In addition, the stomach is evaluated by preoperative endoscopy for a possible stomach pathologies. Apart from the relevant examinations, the opinion of the cardiology, endocrinology, chest, psychiatry and anesthesiologist is taken for the operation consent. The patient is starved the night before. The doctor tells the patient what to do for the formation of vascular clots. After that, blood thinners are started.
Apart from these, your doctor will inform you about your diet. If you have a chronic disease or medications that you use continuously, you need to inform your doctor about this.
On the first day after the operation, according to the patient’s condition, liquid nutrition is started under the control of a dietitian and physician. Surgeries are performed with a closed method, that is, laparoscopically. It is made by entering the abdomen with the help of a telescope through 5-6 tiny incisions in the patient. Patients are started to be executed at the 4th hour after surgery. Depending on the surgery performed, patients are discharged within 3-5 days..
After discharge, it is recommended to drink at least 1-1.5 liters (8 cups) of water every day and to eat juicy food as determined by the dietitian for the first 2 weeks. We recommend that you take protein supplements every day. After 2 weeks have passed, soft food is gradually switched to and the importance of taking the bites in small sizes and swallowing them after chewing thoroughly is explained. Avoid heavy physical exercises and heavy lifting for a month after the operation.
For employees, they can return to work after 10 to 15 days, provided that they do not do heavy work. It is important that women who want to have children after surgery are protected for a year and get pregnant after passing the dietitian control.
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You need to stay in Turkey for at least a week for weight loss surgery. This period may be longer depending on your general condition. However, since you will stay in the hospital for at least five days after surgery, your stay in Turkey is minimum one week.
You need to come to Turkey the day before the operation. During this period, the necessary preparations for the surgery are made more comfortably. However, depending on the situation, your arrival time in Turkey may vary. Some patients come here on the morning of the operation. You can make a decision about this by talking to your doctor.
In fact, there is no specific answer to this. You and your doctor will decide which procedure is best for you. Patients usually have gastric balloon application when there is no surgical limit. However, in cases where surgery is required, gastric sleeve operation is often preferred. If your doctor deems it appropriate, gastric bypass surgery can also be performed. As we say, this depends entirely on the decision you make together with your doctor.
For this surgery, your body mass index should be over 40 kg/m². For those who are below this value, other weight loss methods are usually applied. Like exercise and diet.
There are three types of obesity surgery commonly performed in Turkey. These are gastric sleeve, gastric balloon and gastric bypass operations.
Weight loss surgeries performed by an experienced doctor in a quality hospital are quite safe. However, as with any major surgery, this surgery carries some risks. These risks are minimized in the safe hands of a qualified physician.
The cost of weight loss surgery in Turkey is much more affordable than other European countries. However, prices vary according to the center where the procedure will be performed and the experience of your doctor. Despite this, you will never encounter more expensive prices than European countries.
If you have a disease such as active heart disease, cancer, and advanced lung failure, you are not eligible for this surgery. The same is true for anyone with a severe chronic illness like this.
Turkey. The reason for this is that there are many experienced and successful bariatric surgeons in Turkey. In addition, for many years, Turkey has recorded great success in the field of bariatric surgery. The reason for this is the quality of the full-fledged hospitals here that serve at international standards and the presence of very skilled, experienced surgeons here.
A successful obesity surgery by an experienced doctor will overcome your excess weight. It is even the most effective treatment for it.
Your body mass index must be 40 kg/m² for this surgery. Obesity surgery is generally not recommended for those who are below this value.
After these operations, the human life span does not shorten. Only your eating habits change. You will continue your life in a healthier way.