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Gynecomastia

Imbalanced estrogen and testosterone hormones in males can cause swelling of breast tissue. This condition is known as Gynaecomastia.

It is not a serious or dangerous problem, but it may make men feel embarrassed and effect their quality of life. Even Gynaecomastia can dissappear on its own. If it persists, surgery and medication may be helpful.

Causes :

Medications ;

Anabolic Stereoids and Androgens

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Ulcer Medications

Cancer Treatment Medications ( Chemotherapy)


Health Conditions ;

Hypogonadism

Hyperthyroidism

Liver Failure

Tumors

Kidney Failure

Malnutrition and Starvation


Drugs and Alcohol ;

Alcohol

Heroine

Methadone

Marijuana

Amphetamine

Signs and Symptoms :

Enlargement of either one or both breasts
Tender and painful breast or nipple
Breast bud presence is possible
Some of these symptoms are similar to breast abscess or breast cancer. These conditions better to be tested first to rule them out..

Treatment Process

Usually dissappears without any treatment in time.
If there is another condition which triggers gynaecomastia, that condition is need to be treated first.
If patient still experiences gynaecomastia, liposuction or mastectomy may be considered.